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Health Benefits of Terpenes

Health Benefits of Terpenes

Health Benefits of Terpenes

April 07, 2017 Cannabis Science

Health Benefits of Terpenes

Cannabis terpenes are an amazing aspect for cannabis enthusiasts because they influence taste, as well as exciting for scientists because they are learning more about terpene profiles and the health benefits they offer. Growers are inspired to yield maximum terpenes in their plants, creating higher demand for their products.

Terpenes Explained

Terpenes are organic non-psychoactive molecules found in cannabis plants. They are responsible for the different smells, tastes and range of effects. Marijuana terpenes help create a budís flavor and aroma and by mapping a plantís terpene profile we can have better visibility on how to influence the way it will taste and smell. Although manipulating flavor and aroma can be fun, it barely scratches the surface of terpene research. The reason why the medical marijuana industry is abuzz about terpenes is because some have significant medicinal value. Because marijuana terpenes are non-psychoactive, they can treat certain health conditions. 
Below are the 10 most common marijuana terpenes and health benefits:   

1. Alpha Bisabolol
Alpha Bisabolol is a flowery terpene that you can also find in chamomile. It also has anti-bacterial properties that heal wounds and fights inflammation. Oracle is a good example of a strain high in alpha bisabolol. 

2. Alpha- and Beta-Pinene
As its name suggests, pinenes are common terpenes in pine trees. It gives cannabis a pine flavor and smell. Studies suggest that most strains may contain notable amounts of both beta-pinene and alpha-pinene, which is good because it also has anti-inflammatory properties.

3. Terpineol
If you enjoy the taste of cloves and pine, then you will like terpineol. As far as terpenes go, this one seems unique to Jack Herer and other Jack varieties. Terpineol is an antioxidant, which cleans the body of toxins and restores it to good health.

4. Camphene
Herbal to the nose and on the tongue, camphene is both an antibiotic and an anti-inflammatory. It treats bacterial infections most effectively. Laboratory testing found camphene in high concentrations within indica strains of cannabis.

5. Caryophyllene
Caryophyllene tastes like hops, which is a cousin of marijuana. This terpene is exceptionally beneficial for those suffering from depression, anxiety and other stress-related ailments. Train Wreck is a strain that contains caryophyllene, but concentrations are higher in soil-grown plants than in hydroponics.

6. Linalool
Linalool has a floral aroma with a spicy hint in its taste. You can find this terpene in many plants, including mint, some flowers, and cinnamon, and even certain mushrooms. Linalool aids neural function, as it modulates gross motor movement. It is also has anti-inflammatory properties commonly used in liver cancer treatment.

7. Borneol
Identifiable by its earthy camphor smell, borneol is a medicinal super terpene. It is an antiseptic, analgesic, bronchodilator and it helps insomniacs sleep through the night. Most haze strains contain high traces of borneol, most notably K13.

8. Alpha Bisabolol
Alpha Bisabolol is a flowery terpene that you can also find in chamomile. It also has anti-bacterial properties that heal wounds and fights inflammation. Oracle is a good example of a strain high in alpha bisabolol. 

9. Delta 3 Carene
If you enjoy an earthy, piney flavor, then thank delta 3 carene. As an anti-inflammatory, it is highly effective. It also has antihistamine properties that dry fluids like runny noses, tears, and even menstrual streams. Research suggests that more than 80 strains currently test positive for delta 3 carene.

10. Myrcene
Myrcene has a musky, earthy taste with a slightly fruity tinge. A powerful anti-inflammatory that relaxes muscles and acts as a sedative, this terpene contributes to the couch-lock feeling associated with indica. According to the International Hemp Association, most tested strains contain high levels of myrcene.

There is still so much to learn about terpenes, and terpene profile mapping and testing will continue to help identify more of them and in more combinations. Once researchers find them, thry can extract them and test for medicinal value. The future of terpenes is very promising, indeed.

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